Indonesian state underwent profound change as a result of decolonization, none more significant than the early independence period until the rise of the New Order Developmental State. The presentation, and book, focus on this period of intense elite production and institution building, looking into the ideas that emerge to determine state-society relations during the second half of twentieth century Indonesia. The New Order state did not develop in a vacuum and instead was the amalgamated result of intensive competition between the idea of guided revolution and that of expert-led development. The rise of the military and civilian managers and experts was predicated on the emergence of the idea of state-led development that crossed ideological boundaries. Indonesia’s case was typical for the period. Understanding this allow us to position the relationship between Sukarno’s Guided Democracy and Suharto’s New Order not as something oppositional but emanation. It also places the rise of developmental state as an international process, expressing ideas channeled through the new global governance of aid institutions.
Farabi Fakih is a lecturer in History at the History Department, Faculty of Cultural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta. His main interest is on urban history, decolonization of the state and business history. He is currently rewriting his dissertation for the purpose of publication.
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Photo: ICA media trainings programme – Indiana University Archive